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World's countries : Spain

Buelna
photograph by Tatiana Fuller

Asturias

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asturias

Asturias (English /æˈstʊəriəsˌ ə-/;[1][2]Spanish: [asˈtuɾjas]; Asturian: Asturies [asˈtuɾjes]), officially the Principality of Asturias (Spanish: Principado de Asturias; Asturian: Principáu d'Asturies), is an autonomous community in north-west Spain. It is coextensive with the province of Asturias, and contains some of the territory that was part of the larger Kingdom of Asturias in the Middle Ages. Divided into eight comarcas (counties), the autonomous community of Asturias is bordered by Cantabria to the east, by Castile and León to the south, by Galicia to the west, and by the Bay of Biscay to the north.

The most important cities are the communal capital, Oviedo (Uviéu or Uvieo), the seaport and largest city Gijón (Xixón), and the industrial town of Avilés. Other municipalities in Asturias include Cangas de Onís (Cangues d'Onís), Cangas del Narcea, Gozón, Grado (Grau or Grao), Langreo (Llangréu), Llanera, Laviana (Llaviana), Lena (Ḷḷena), Llanes, Mieres, Siero, Valdés, Vegadeo (A Veiga) and Villaviciosa (see also List of municipalities and comarcas in Asturias).

Asturias is also home to the Princess of Asturias Awards.

Cala Mitjana
photograph by Enrique Maestro

Cala Mitjana

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cala_Mitjana

Cala Mitjana is a bay and beach on Menorca's southern coast. The small pine tree surrounded beach can be reached by foot in 20 minutes starting from a parking lot close to country road OM-714. The beach is highly frequented in the summer season.[1]

Calonge
photograph by Jaume Castañé

Calonge

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calonge

Calonge is a municipality in the comarca of the Baix Empordà in Catalonia, Spain, on the coastline of the Costa Brava.

The town comprises two parts, a medieval hill village and modern seaside resort. The main urban centre and original village is about 4 km inland from the Bay of Sant Antoni. The towers and walls of Calonge castle date from the thirteenth century.

Sant Antoni de Calonge, a resort, lies on the coast between Sant Feliu de Guíxols and Palamós.

Cantabria
photograph by Mario Gutiérrez

Cantabria

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cantabria

Cantabria (/kænˈtbriəˌ -ˈt-/; Spanish: [kanˈtaβɾja]) is a Spanish historical community[2] and autonomous community with Santander as its capital city. It is bordered on the east by the Basque Autonomous Community (province of Biscay), on the south by Castile and León (provinces of León, Palencia and Burgos), on the west by the Principality of Asturias, and on the north by the Cantabrian Sea (Bay of Biscay).

Cantabria belongs to Green Spain, the name given to the strip of land between the Bay of Biscay and the Cantabrian Mountains, so called because of its particularly lush vegetation, due to the wet and moderate oceanic climate. The climate is strongly influenced by Atlantic Ocean winds trapped by the mountains; the average annual precipitation is about 1,200 mm (47 inches).

Cantabria has archaeological sites from the Upper Paleolithic period, although the first signs of human occupation date from the Lower Paleolithic. The most significant site for cave paintings is that in the cave of Altamira, dating from about 37,000 BC[3] and declared, along with nine other Cantabrian caves, as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. The modern Province of Cantabria was constituted on 28 July 1778 at Bárcena la Puente, Reocín. The Organic Law of the Autonomy Statute of Cantabria was approved on 30 December 1981, giving the region its own institutions of self-government.[citation needed]

Cap de Formentor
photograph by Jesús Sanz Peralta

Cap de Formentor

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cap_de_Formentor

Cap de Formentor (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈcab də formənˈto]) forms the eastern end of Majorca's Formentor peninsula. The Majorcans also call the cape the Meeting point of the winds.

Cliffs of Maro
photograph by Alberto Jacinto

Nerja

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nerja

Nerja (pronounced: [ˈneɾχa]) is a municipality on the Costa del Sol in the province of Málaga in the autonomous community of Andalusia in southern Spain. It belongs to the comarca of La Axarquía. It is on the country's southern Mediterranean coast, about 50 km east of Málaga.

Under Muslim rule, its name was Narixa, which means "abundant source" and is the origin of the current name.

Nerja has a long history, evidenced by the primitive paintings found in its famous Nerja caves, discovered in 1959. These caves are now believed to be just one entrance to a linked series of potholes[clarification needed] stretching many miles into the mountains between Nerja and Granada, and which may yet prove to be one of the most extensive unexplored systems in Europe. Visitors to the caves will be able to view the remains of one of the ancient inhabitants of Nerja.

Es Vedrà
photograph by Eduardo Rojas

Es Vedrà

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Es_Vedrà

Es Vedrà (Catalan pronunciation: [əz vəˈðɾa]) is a small rocky island of the south western seaboard of the Spanish island of Ibiza.[1] The island, which is 413 metres tall, is part of the Cala d’Hort nature reserve and lies 1.5423 miles (2.4821 km) of the coast at Cala d’Hort, which is in the municipality of Sant Josep de sa Talaia.[2] The island is uninhabited.[3]

Es Vedrà consists predominantly of mesozoic [4]limestone, and contrary to the esoteric urban myth of being a special magnetic place, has no (magnetic) metal accumulations. The island we see today is as a result of a geological tumble.[4] 155 million years ago, continuous seismic movements in the earths crust caused great shifts in the Betica Mountain Range.[4] Eventually this caused the splitting of the range resulting in the formation of the Balearic Islands. Continued movement of the ridge which formed the islands caused portions to sheer and split away[4] from the islands. Es Vedrà, along with the satellite island of Illa Vedranell and the Illa Tagomago, are examples[4] of this action.

The island has no human inhabitants, although in 1855[5] a Carmelite Friar by the name of Francis Palau y Quer[5] once lived here for a short time following his exile from Catalonia.[5] The only inhabitants today are a sub-species of wild goat,[3] which lives on the slopes and caves of the island. There is also a sub-species[6] of the Ibizan wall lizard [3] on the island. It is also home to a colony of the endangered bird of prey called Eleonora's falcon.[3]

La Gomera
photograph by Jörg Bergmann

La Gomera

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Gomera

La Gomera (pronounced [la ɣoˈmeɾa]) is one of Spain's Canary Islands, located in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. With an area of 369.76 square kilometers, it is the second smallest of the seven main islands of this group. It belongs to the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Its capital is San Sebastián de La Gomera, where the headquarters of the Cabildo are located.

La Gomera is part of the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. It is divided into six municipalities:

The island government (cabildo insular) is located in the capital, San Sebastián.

Lanzarote
photograph by Ismael J. Merchan

Lanzarote

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lanzarote

Lanzarote (/ˌlænzəˈrɒti/; Spanish pronunciation: [lanθaˈɾote, lansa-]), a Spanish island, is the easternmost of the autonomous Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean, approximately 125 km (78 mi) off the coast of Africa and 1,000 km (621 mi) from the Iberian Peninsula. Covering 845.9 square kilometers (327 sq mi), it is the fourth largest of the islands. The first recorded name for the island, given by Angelino Dulcert, was Insula de Lanzarotus Marocelus, after the Genovese navigator Lancelotto Malocello, from which the modern name is derived. The island's name in the native language was Tyterogaka or Tytheroygaka, which may mean "one that is all ochre" (referring to the island's predominant colour).[1]

Lanzarote is located 11 km (7 mi) north-east of Fuerteventura and just over 1 km (0.62 mi) from Graciosa. The dimensions of the island are 60 km (37 mi) from north to south and 25 km (16 mi) from west to east. Lanzarote has 213 km (132 mi) of coastline, of which 10 km (6 mi) are sand, 16.5 km (10 mi) are beach, and the remainder is rocky. Its landscape includes the mountain ranges of Famara (671 meters (2,201 ft))[2] in the north and Ajaches (608 m) to the south. South of the Famara massif is the El Jable desert which separates Famara and Montañas del Fuego. The highest peak is Peñas del Chache rising to 670 meters (2,198 ft) above sea level. The "Tunnel of Atlantis," the largest underwater volcanic tunnel in the world, is part of the Cueva de los Verdes lava tube.

Lanzarote has a desert climate according to the Köppen climatic classification.[3] The little precipitation is concentrated to winter months. It closely borders on a tropical climate, with winter means being just below 18 °C (64 °F).

Montserrat
photograph by Matej Duzel

Montserrat (mountain)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montserrat_(mountain)

Via road BP-1121 from Monistrol de Montserrat

Montserrat (Catalan pronunciation: [munsəˈrat]) is a multi-peaked mountain located near the city of Barcelona, in Catalonia, Spain. It is part of the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range. The main peaks are Sant Jeroni (1,236 m), Montgrós (1,120 m) and Miranda de les Agulles (903 m).[1] The Caribbean island of Montserrat was named by Christopher Columbus after the mountain.

It is well known as the site of the Benedictine abbey, Santa Maria de Montserrat, which hosts the Virgin of Montserrat sanctuary and which is identified by some [2] with the location of the Holy Grail in Arthurian myth.

Pic d'Anayet
photograph by Didier Karl

Jacetania

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacetania

Jacetania (Aragonese: Chacetania; French: Jacétanie) is a comarca in northern Aragon, Spain. It is located in the northwestern corner of the Huesca and Zaragoza provinces. The administrative capital is Jaca, with 13,374 inhabitants the largest town of the comarca. The area is famous for its ski resorts.

Jacetania borders with France in the north and with Navarre in the west. Most of its territory is mountainous, with the ranges of the Pyrenees and Pre-Pyrenees covering most of its area. The name of the comarca originates in the ancient Iberian tribe of the Iacetani (Latin: Iaccetani). The Aragonese language is spoken in this comarca, in particular, its variety, Jaca Aragonese.

This comarca was the birthplace of the historic County of Aragon.

Playón de Bayas
photograph by Antonio Ruiz Imagenes

Asturias

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asturias

Asturias (English /ɑːˈstʊəriəsˌ ə-/; Spanish: [asˈtuɾjas]; Asturian: Asturies [asˈtuɾjes]), officially the Principality of Asturias (Spanish: Principado de Asturias; Asturian: Principáu d'Asturies), is an autonomous community in north-west Spain. It is coextensive with the province of Asturias, and contains some of the territory that was part of the larger Kingdom of Asturias in the Middle Ages. Divided into eight comarcas (counties), the autonomous community of Asturias is bordered by Cantabria to the east, by Castile and León to the south, by Galicia to the west, and by the Bay of Biscay to the north.

The most important cities are the communal capital, Oviedo (Uviéu or Uvieo), the seaport and largest city Gijón (Xixón), and the industrial town of Avilés. Other municipalities in Asturias include Cangas de Onís (Cangues d'Onís), Cangas del Narcea, Gozón, Grado (Grau or Grao), Langreo (Llangréu), Llanera, Laviana (Llaviana), Lena (Ḷḷena), Llanes, Mieres, Siero, Valdés, Vegadeo (A Veiga) and Villaviciosa (see also List of municipalities and comarcas in Asturias).

Asturias is also home to the Princess of Asturias Awards.

Río Noguera Ribagorzana
photograph by Centelleja

Noguera Ribagorçana

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noguera_Ribagorçana_River

The Noguera Ribagorçana (Catalan: [nuˈɣeɾə riβəɣurˈsanə] locally: [noˈɣeɾa riβaɣoɾˈsana]) or Noguera Ribagorzana (Spanish: [noˈɣeɾa riβaɣorˈθana]) is a river in northern Spain.[1]

For much of its course of 130 km it forms the administrative boundary between Catalonia and Aragon. Its source is in the municipality of Vielha e Mijaran (Aran Valley) at an elevation of about 2400 m, and its upper valley forms the main access route to the Aran Valley (N-230 road and the Vielha tunnel (5230 m long) under the watershed). It passes through the traditional county of Ribagorça and the town of Pont de Suert (Alta Ribagorça). Dams form two large reservoirs, the Escales below Pont de Suert and the Canelles above Ivars de Noguera (Noguera). The Noguera Ribagorçana joins the Segre from the right at Vilanova de la Barca (Segrià). It drains a basin of 2036 km².

Teide national park
photograph by _aic_

Teide National Park

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teide_National_Park

Teide National Park (Spanish: Parque nacional del Teide, pronounced: [ˈpaɾke naθjoˈnal de ˈtei̯.ðe]) is a national park located in Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain). It is centered on Mount Teide, the highest mountain of Spain (3,718 metres high) and the islands of the Atlantic (it is the third largest volcano in the world from its base on the ocean floor). It was declared a national park on 22 January 1954, making it one of the oldest national parks in Spain. It is also the largest national park in Spain and an important part of the Canary Islands. Another volcano located in the park (next to Teide) is Pico Viejo. It is the second tallest volcano in the Canary Islands with its 3,135 m peak.

The park has an area of 18,990 hectares and was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on June 28, 2007.[1] Since the end of 2007, it has also been one of the 12 Treasures of Spain. On a ridge, to the east of Teide, are the telescopes of the Observatorio del Teide. Territorially, it belongs to the municipality of La Orotava.

Teide is the most visited national park in Spain, with a total of 2.8 million visitors, according to the Instituto Canario de Estadística (ISTAC), and it is one of the most visited national parks in the world.[2][3] The Teide is the most famous natural icon not only of Tenerife but also of all the Canary Islands.