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World's countries : Brazil

Cabeça do Índio
photograph by Eduardo Taylor

Paraty

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paraty

The town is located on the Bay of Ilha Grande, which is dotted with many tropical islands. Rising up as high as 1,300 meters behind the town are tropical forests, mountains, and waterfalls. It is the southernmost and westernmost city in Rio de Janeiro state.

Cataratas do Iguaçu
photograph by Maria Cristina Schultz

Iguazu Falls

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iguazu_Falls

Iguazu Falls, Iguazú Falls, Iguassu Falls, or Iguaçu Falls (Portuguese: Cataratas do Iguaçu [kataˈɾatɐʒ du iɡwaˈsu]; Spanish: Cataratas del Iguazú [kataˈɾatas ðel iɣwaˈsu]; Guarani: Chororo Yguasu [ɕoɾoɾo ɨɣʷasu]) are waterfalls of the Iguazu River on the border of the Argentine province of Misiones and the Brazilian state of Paraná. The falls divide the river into the upper and lower Iguazu. The Iguazu River rises near the city of Curitiba. For most of its course, the river flows through Brazil, however, most of the falls are on the Argentine side. Below its confluence with the San Antonio River, the Iguazu River forms the boundary between Argentina and Brazil.

The name "Iguazu" comes from the Guarani or Tupi words "y" [ɨ], meaning "water", and "ûasú "[waˈsu], meaning "big".[2] Legend has it that a deity planned to marry a beautiful woman named Naipí, who fled with her mortal lover Tarobá in a canoe. In a rage, the deity sliced the river, creating the waterfalls and condemning the lovers to an eternal fall.[2] The first European to record the existence of the falls was the Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca in 1541.

Lençóis Maranhenses National Park
photograph by Matthieu Jolivet

Lençóis Maranhenses National Park

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lençóis_Maranhenses_National_Park

The Lençóis Maranhenses National Park (Parque Nacional dos Lençóis Maranhenses) is located in Maranhão state, in northeastern Brazil, just east of the Baía de São José, between 02º19’—02º45’ S and 42º44’—43º29’ W. It is an area of low, flat, occasionally flooded land, overlaid with large, discrete sand dunes. It encompasses roughly 1,500 km2 (580 sq mi), and despite abundant rain, supports almost no vegetation. The area became a National Park on June 2, 1981.

Praia do Taípe
photograph by Nailton Barbosa

Porto Seguro

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porto_Seguro

Porto Seguro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpoʁtu siˈɡuɾu]) is a city located in the far south of Bahia, Brazil. The city has an estimated population of 145,431 (2015), covers 2,287 square kilometres (883 sq mi), and has a population density of 52.7 residents per square kilometer. The area that includes Porto Seguro and neighboring Santa Cruz Cabrália and Prado hold a distinctive place in Brazilian history: in 1500 it was the first landing point of Portuguese navigators, principally Pedro Álvares Cabral.[2] The crime rate is considered high as well as in all Bahia State[3]

The weather is always hot and humid in the summer, peaking at 40°C are extremely rare, and very mild in the winter, averaging 25 degrees and minimum of 19 degrees. During July, August and November the probability of rain is greater.

Porto Seguro is divided into five districts

Tres Picos State Park
photograph by Luiz Eduardo Trotte

Três Picos State Park

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Três_Picos_State_Park

The Três Picos State Park (Portuguese: Parque Estadual dos Três Picos) is a state park in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It preserves a large, mountainous region of Atlantic Forest.

When created, the Três Picos State Park was divided between the municipalities of Cachoeiras de Macacu (48.92%), Guapimirim (4.21%), Nova Friburgo (19.26%), Silva Jardim (7.53%) and Teresópolis (20.08%} in the state of Rio de Janeiro.[1] As of 2016 about two thirds of the area was in the municipality of Cachoeiras de Macacu.[2] The park is named after the Três Picos (Three Peaks) mountains, which reach 2,316 metres (7,598 ft) in altitude, and are considered to be the center of the Serra do Mar range. The peaks present over 100 routes of varying levels of difficulty to climbers.[3] There are dozens of waterfalls of great beauty in Cachoeiras de Macacu.[3]

The state park is the largest in Rio de Janeiro, and preserves a large portion of Atlantic Forest in excellent condition.[3] The park has the greatest biodiversity found in Rio de Janeiro due to the range in altitude from 100 to 2,316 metres (328 to 7,598 ft).[4] Vegetation ranges from dense sub-montane rainforest to cloud forest and alpine meadows.[2] It is considered a priority for conservation. It is home to endangered species such as hawks and cougar (Puma concolor) that require large areas of preserved environment within which to find their prey. It also includes a variety of arthropods, fish, amphibians and reptiles.[4]