Gozo, known locally as Għawdex (pronounced [ˈaˤːw.dɛʃ]) and in antiquity as Gaulos (Punic: 𐤂𐤅𐤋, GWL;Greek: Γαύλος, Gaúlos), is an island of the Maltese archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. The island is part of Malta. After the island of Malta itself, it is the second-largest island in the archipelago. Compared to its southeastern neighbour, Gozo is more rural and known for its scenic hills, which are featured on its coat of arms.
The island of Gozo has long been associated with Ogygia, the island home of the nymph Calypso in Homer's Odyssey. In that story, Calypso, possessed of great supernatural powers, and in love with Odysseus, holds him captive for a number of years, until finally releasing him to continue his journey home.