Pico Turquino is the highest point in Cuba. It is located in the southeast part of the island, in the Sierra Maestra mountain range in the municipality of Guamá, Santiago de Cuba Province.
The name is believed to be a corruption of turquoise (Spanish: turquesa) peak, named so for the blue hues taken by the heights in certain views. It was first mentioned (under the name "Tarquino") on a map drawn by Gerardo Kramer in the late 18th century.
A bust of José Martí, sculpted by Jilma Madera, was placed on the peak to celebrate his centenary.